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More Details about MTP

MTP or Medical Termination of Pregnancy is a procedure of terminating a pregnancy with the help of medicines. It can be terminated with the use of medicine, otherwise, the surgical process is needed in the early stages of pregnancy that is usually take 7 to 9 weeks. MTP is both intentional and artificial; before it is capable of living outside the womb, MTP destroys the embryo or fetus. In India. if the length of pregnancy is not exceeded 20 weeks, medical termination of pregnancy is legal. According to the law, only the consent of a major pregnant woman is required in terminating the pregnancy and no other person’s consent needs to be obtained.

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Overview

Potential Risk Involve in MTP Treatment

As most clinical methods have risks, most medicines have side effects and allergic reactions. Some of them include,

  • Infection
  • Incomplete abortion in which surgical methods are to be used to complete the abortion procedure
  • Risk of Fever
  • Severe and prolonged bleeding
  • Digestive system discomfort

It is strongly recommended that the patient may take time to think it over because if the patient later decides to continue with the pregnancy after taking the MTP treatment, they may have to experience major complications.

Treatment

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MTP Procedure

With the help of experienced professionals and gynaecologist, MTP is performed. The involvement of risk is high, even if the procedure is minor. It is essential to visit a gynaecologist because there can be various complications relate to the abortion and before proceeding further one needs to check all the risk associated with MTP or medical termination of pregnancy. The surgeon will first carry out the pregnancy test. This test confirms the time period of pregnancy. An ultrasound test is mainly use to check the age of the pregnancy and to confirm whether the pregnancy is not outside the uterus and also not a tumour that grew in the uterus that also known as molar pregnancy. Additionally, you will be checked for anemia, any sexually transmitted diseases and condition of health.

Surgeon generally recommend a pill named- Mifepristone (Mifeprex), when the MTP has to be done by the non-surgical process. This pill can be provided either by injection or orally. in addition, antibiotics are given to prevent infection. The mifepristone obstructs progesterone and its less affects the uterine lining. Furthermore, this fall in progesterone prevents the pregnancy to develop. This procedure causes contractions and expels the fetus and it may take a few hours or more. A medical examination is also conducted to confirm the complete termination of pregnancy and check for any complications in a week later.

Advantages and benefits of MTP

  • There is no usage of anaesthesia in MTP, surgeries or vacuum aspiration unless it fails.
  • MTP is done in more secrecy and has privacy.
  • Termination of pregnancy through medicine is an effective and safe process for very early pregnancies.
  • The procedure of MTP is non-invasive.

Type of procedure involved in the Second Trimester

Below are the kinds of the procedure involved in the Second Trimester treatment –

  • Dilation and Curettage (D & C): It is a surgical abortion procedure is used to terminate a pregnancy up to or within 16 weeks gestation. Also, D & C procedure is termed as vacuum aspiration or suction curettage procedure.
  • Dilation and Evacuation (D & E): It is a surgical abortion procedure which is mainly used to terminate the pregnancy after 16 weeks gestation.
  • Induction Abortion: It is an uncommon surgical procedure performed for abortion during the second trimester. Moreover, this procedure includes salt water, urea, or potassium chloride which is injected into the amniotic sac. Prostaglandins are also inserted into the vagina while Pitocin is injected intravenously.

Frequently Asked Question

Surgeon usually recommend a pill named- Mifepristone (Mifeprex), in case MTP has to be done by the non-surgical process. This pill can be given by tow way either by injection or orally.

Pregnancy symptoms of nausea, vomiting and weariness commonly cease within three days. Breast tenderness may take 7 to 10 days to disappear. Patient breasts may feel firm and tender and leak fluid after procedure. Her breasts will return to normal after three to four days of swelling.

Several women compare abortion pill pain to very severe menstrual cramps, and it is mainly quite painful. There will be a lot of bleeding during the contracting process that is heavier than the typical period, as well as several large blood clots that are expelled.

With a success rate of 92-97%, medical abortion with mifepristone and misoprostol is a very safe option for termination of pregnancy when consumed under medical supervision. Clear guidelines have been formulated by organizations like WHO and in India by FOGSI regarding the use of abortion medicines.

Among married women looking for MTP in their first trimester of pregnancy, 43.4% accepted the IUD as a method of contraception and 41.8% accepted sterilization.

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Post-Procedure of MTP