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More Details about Kidney stones

Kidney stones are also known as renal calculi, nephrolithiasis, or urolithiasis that are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that usually form inside your kidneys. kidney stones are caused due to various reasons such as diet, some medical conditions, excess body weight and certain supplements and medications. Additionally, kidney stones can affect any part of your urinary tract from your kidneys to your bladder. The stones usually cause no permanent damage but the treatment of kidney stones can be quite painful. You may need nothing more than to take pain medication and drink lots of water to pass a kidney stone if your situation is not serious. To remove or break up larger stones, medical procedures may be required.

Common Types of kidney stones

All kidney stones are not made up of the same crystals. There are various types of kidney stones include:

  • Calcium stones
  • Struvite stones.
  • Uric acid stones
  • Cystine stones

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A number of tests can show whether a kidney stone is present.

  • A physical checkup may recognize the kidneys as the source of pain.
  • Urinalysis can show blood in the urine or signs of an infection.
  • Imaging tests, such as a CT scan or ultrasound, will reveal any structural changes.
  • Blood tests can help identify difficulties.

Also, imaging tests can help surgeon to determine various things such as:

  • The size and location of any stones in kidney
  • Whether a stone is present or not
  • Whether there are any blockages in kidney
  • The situation of the urinary tract
  • Whether stones have affected other organs

Treatment of kidney stones

  • Treatment is modified according to the type of stone. Also, urine can be strained and stones collected for evaluation.
  • Surgeon suggest drinking six to eight glasses of water a day increases urine flow. People may require intravenous fluids who are dehydrated or have severe nausea and vomiting.

Some advanced treatment options include:


Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy uses sound waves to break up large stones so they pass down the ureters into your bladder without any complications. The procedure of Lithotripsy can be uncomfortable and may require light anesthesia. Moreover, it can cause bruising on the abdomen and back and bleeding around the kidney and close to organs.

Tunnel surgery

A doctor removes the stones through a small incision in your back. A person may require this procedure in case when:

  • The stone has developed too large to pass
  • The stone causes obstruction and infection or is negative the kidneys
  • Pain can’t be managed


Relief from pain may need narcotic medications. The presence of infection requires treatment with antibiotics and with other common medications.


Your surgeon may use an instrument termed as ureteroscope to remove it in that situation when a stone is stuck in the ureter or bladder. A small wire with an attachment of camera is inserted into the urethra and passed into the bladder. Afterward the surgeon uses a small cage to snag the stone and remove it. Then, the stone is sent to the laboratory for examination.

Frequently Asked Question

You also require to know what caused your previous kidney stones to help prevent future kidney stones. A surgeon can help you make changes to your eating, diet, and nutrition to prevent future kidney stones once you know what type of kidney stone you had.

A surgeon can remove the kidney stone or break it into small pieces with the following treatments: • Shock wave lithotripsy. • Percutaneous nephrolithotomy. • Cystoscopy and ureteroscopy.

Usual symptoms of kidney stones include a sharp, cramping pain in the side and back. This situation often moves to the lower abdomen or groin. The pain often starts unexpectedly and comes in waves. It can come and go as the body efforts to get rid of the stone.

Maximum kidney stones can be treated without surgery. 90% of stones pass by themselves within three to six weeks.

Most common ways to test for CKD and assess kidney damage is a simple urine test which detects the presence of albumin.


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