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More Details about IVF

In Vitro fertilization (IVF) is a complex series of procedures known as a type of assisted reproductive technology (ART) that is mainly used to help with fertility or prevent genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child. To help sperm fertilize an egg, and help the fertilized egg implant in your uterus, IVF works by using a combination of medicines and surgical procedures. Moreover, this fertilized egg is known as an embryo. Then the embryo can be frozen for storage or transferred to a woman’s uterus. Your surgeon can help you understand the procedure of IVF, the possible risks, and whether this process of treating infertility is appropriate for you or not.

Risk Involves in IVF

As with any medical procedure, there are risks involves with IVF include:

  • Miscarriage: The rate of miscarriage for women who conceive using IVF with fresh embryos is like to that of women who conceive without any surgery which is about 15% to 25%. But the rate rises with maternal age.
  • Egg-retrieval procedure risk: Use of an aspirating needle to collect eggs could possibly cause infection, bleeding, or damage to the bowel, bladder or a blood vessel. Also, complications are related with sedation and general anesthesia.
  • Multiple births: If more than one embryo is transferred to your uterus, IVF rises the chances of multiple births. In addition, a pregnancy with multiple fetuses carries a higher risk of early labor and low birth weight than pregnancy with a single fetus does.
  • Premature delivery and low birth weight: Study suggest that IVF slightly increases the complications that the baby will be born early or with a low birth weight.
  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: Use of injectable fertility medications, such as human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), to induce ovulation can reason to ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, in which your ovaries become swollen and painful.
  • Ectopic pregnancy: When the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, about 2% to 5% of women who use IVF will have an ectopic pregnancy. Moreover, the fertilized egg can't survive outside the uterus, and there's no way to continue the pregnancy.
  • Birth defects: The mothers age is the primary risk factor in the development of birth defects, no matter how the child is conceived. More examine is required to determine whether babies conceived using IVF might be at increased risk of certain birth defects.

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Key Steps of Vitro Fertilization

There are five steps involved in IVF such as:

Stimulation: During each menstrual cycle, a woman generally produces one egg. Nevertheless, IVF needs multiple eggs. Using multiple eggs rises the chances of developing a viable embryo. To increase the number of eggs your body produces, you may receive fertility drugs. During this period, your surgeon will perform regular blood tests and ultrasounds to monitor the production of eggs and to let your surgeon know when to retrieve them.

Egg Retrieval: It is also is known as follicular aspiration. Egg retrieval is a surgical procedure performed with general anesthesia. Your surgeon will use an ultrasound wand to guide a needle through your vagina, into your ovary, and into an egg-containing follicle. Then the needle will suction eggs and fluid out of each follicle.

Insemination: The male partner will now require to give a semen sample. A specialist will mix the sperm with the eggs in a petri dish. Your surgeon may decide to use ICSI, if that doesn’t produce embryos.

Embryo Culture: Your surgeon will monitor the fertilized eggs to ensure that they’re dividing and developing. In addition, the embryos may undergo testing for genetic conditions at this time.

Transfer: Embryos can be implanted, if they are big enough. This usually occurs three to five days after fertilization. Implantation involves inserting a thin tube known as catheter inserted into your vagina, past your cervix, and into your uterus. Afterwards, your surgeon releases the embryo into your uterus.

Frequently Asked Question

Generally, IVF is very safe and most who have it experience no problems with their health or pregnancy. But there are several risks to be aware on it.

Women in age of 20s and 30s experience the most successful IVF implantation. This is due to the viability of the eggs, which facilitates in natural fertilization.

IVF babies seem to be just as healthy as naturally conceived babies though there is evidence of certain disparities that need further examine.

This is the method of a couple or individual choosing the genetic sex of the child, boy or girl, by testing the embryo(s) created through IVF before one is implanted in the uterus. Additionally, sex selection is only possible using IVF embryos.

Patients may feel some discomfort as the injection is being administered. The level of this pain depends on how comfortable you are with needles and shots. These drugs are associated with a range of side effects, one of which is abdominal cramping.


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