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More Information about Hysteroscopy
If you are going through heavy menstrual periods and extreme cramps or a gynaecologist needs to get more information about reproductive organs health, they may advice for Hysteroscopy. Hysteroscopy is a procedure through which the functioning and health of the female reproductive organ are examined. A minor lighted camera, thin tube is inserted through the vagina for examination of the Uterus and Cervix. A hysteroscope can also help to perform a minor procedure that helps to improve the condition and functioning of female reproductive organs.
Hysteroscopy can be performed at a Doctor’s Clinic or Hospital depending on the situation and urgency of assessment of reproductive health. Hysteroscopy is followed by administering local anaesthesia. Polyps Sample can be collected for further examination. Removal of polyps and fibroids can be done. Intrauterine surgery by hysteroscopy is performed at hospitals with administering Anaesthesia.
A tool Speculum used by a Gynaecologist to keep your vagina opened. Hysteroscope is inserted through the vaginal opening passing cervix to reach the uterus. Later, for expansion of the uterus, liquid-like saline or gas passed inside the uterus. Ultimately, Uterus will expand and give a detailed view of the Uterus lining and opening of fallopian tubes by the hysteroscope. This hysteroscopy procedure helps gynaecologist to study reproductive functioning and perform a medical procedure (if necessary). Hysteroscopy is a painless procedure. Although, You may feel some cramps during or post-procedure.
One week before Hysteroscopy, the Patient needs to
One week before Hysteroscopy, the Patient needs to go for a Pregnancy test. Hysteroscopy performed for the removal of fibroids and polyps the patient has to follow prescribed medication for few days till the size of the fibroid decreases.
Prescribed medication by a gynaecologist may consist of strong sedative medicine to help her relax before Hysteroscopy. The medical procedure is carried out administering local or general anaesthesia.
Some medication may be required to be inserted to enlarge the cervix. It is done for ease and to increase efficiency.
After Hysteroscopy, the patient needs to relax at the hospital till the time of the Anaesthesia effect. It is a single-day procedure; the patient can be discharged the same day after few hours of the procedure. A post-procedure patient may feel cramps and notice pain in sexual intercourse for one or two weeks. Although, there are no other effects, there are no complications for this procedure.
Dilation & Curettage (D&C) with Hysteroscopy is done to examine and treat malformation related to the Uterus like Heavy blood discharge. D&C can be performed for the removal of polyps and fibroids inner lining of the uterus and determining the presence of a tumor.
Pre-Surgery, the patient is prescribed necessary medication and stops the usage of ibuprofen and aspirin. Avoid food intake at least 7-12 hours before procedures.
Post Surgery, the patient may feel mild cramps that can last for one or two days. It is recommended not to lift heavyweight and avoid driving at least two to three days post-surgery.
It is advised to get hysteroscopy performed by a professional and experienced doctor to avoid later complications such as:
1. Uterus lining penetration: When hysteroscope enters Uterus, It may penetrate Uterus wall/lining. Minor penetrate may heal itself, but serious penetration of the Uterus may require further surgery.
2. Infection & Inflammation: D&C may cause infection and inflammation, but cases are rare.
3. Damage Tissue: D&C may lead to damage of tissue, causing internal injury in the Uterus lining. It is majorly seen in cases after stillbirth or miscarriage.
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