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More information about Hernia
Hernia in medical terms is called Inguinal Hernia and in simple terms ruptures. The rupture of muscle, tissue, or organ from a soft opening or weak point in the abdominal wall that holds, is called a hernia. Majorly they have occurred between the chest and lower abdomen. It is not a life-threatening issue, sometimes it is cured by medicine or exercise, else requires surgical procedures.
Types of Hernia:
Femoral Hernia: Majorly affect older women, in which a fatty tissue or intestine part projects outward in Groin and at the upper side of the inner thigh. Majorly, affected cases are 45% - 50% throughout the year.
Umbilical Hernia: When fatty tissue or intestine parts project outward near Navel (belly button). Mostly found in infants or children below 5 years but sometimes found in an adult due to overweight, long-lasting cough, or after pregnancy. 5% -7% of cases throughout the year.
Hiatal Hernia: When tissue or any part of the stomach is pushed up toward the chest from the opening of the diaphragm (the horizontal sheet between the Chest and abdomen). Very rare type of Hernia.
Inguinal Hernia: When fatty tissue or any intestine part prod into the groin and upper side of the inner thigh. In males, the inguinal tract is a passage for the spermatic cord and blood vessels. In females, the inguinal tract is a round ligament that provides support to the womb. 60% of cases are affected by Inguinal Hernia.
Ventral Hernia: A ventral hernia is noticed when tissue or muscle bulges through an opening in the abdomen. It may be present from birth, but when it starts painting, need treatment for it. Occurs in 5% of people by birth.
Epigastric Hernia: When fatty tissue projects outward between navel and breastbone through the abdomen. Very rare type of Hernia.
Spigelian Hernia: The intestine tissue or any part prods through the abdomen below the navel in the side of the abdomen muscle. Very rare type of Hernia.
Incisional Hernia: Tissue prods by an abdomen scar from the abdomen or pelvic operation. Around 2% of cases throughout the year. 4% to 7% of cases per year.
Diaphragmatic Hernia: In this tissue moves upward from the abdomen to the chest through an opening in the diaphragm. Around 1% of cases per year.
Physical Examination: In this the doctor may check the presence of a lump in the abdomen or groin which is increased while laughing, standing, or coughing.
Abdomen Ultrasound: High-Frequency waves are used to generate a sonograph or an image of the inner structure.
Abdomen CT Scan: It is a computerized tomography scan which is performed by rotating x-rays for generation 3 dimensional and cross-sectional detailed images than normal x-ray image.
MRI Scan: It is majorly used for scanning for large stones or stones in pregnant women. High magnetic waves are used to generate 2 or 3 computerized dimensional images of lumps.
Gastrografin or Barium X- Rays: For Hiatal Hernia, Doctor used another method to produce an image of the digestive system; a liquid is taken consisting of diatrizoate meglumine and diatrizoate sodium (Gastrografin) or a liquid barium solution for generating a series of pictures of the digestive system as they are highlighted in X-rays.
Laparoscopy: Tiny Incision outside groin and abdomen area. Later insertion of surgical tools and camera, and setting up the tissue or muscle back, repairing of abdomen wall by stitching the hole together. The advantage of laparoscopy is they make small incision cuts as compared to the traditional way of treatment. Also, they help in faster surgery and less stay in hospital.
Open Surgery: A cut is made into the body at the point of hernia. The prod tissue is placed back and weakened muscle is stitched together. Extract mesh support is provided. It makes a larger cut size than laparoscopy and it takes more time in surgery. Might stay longer in the hospital.
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