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More Details about Heart Transplant

A heart transplant is a surgery to remove the diseased or failing heart from a person and replace it with a healthier donor heart. Generally, a heart transplant is a treatment is reserved for people whose condition hasn't improved enough with medicines or other heart surgeries and who are in the end stages of heart failure. Two or more surgeons must declare the donor brain-dead to remove the heart from the donor.in addition, a surgeon also makes sure that you are healthy enough or not to go through the transplant process.

Risks Involve in Hear Transplant

  • Rejection of the donor heart. 
  • Primary graft failure
  • Bleeding
  • Problems with your arteries
  • Medication side effects
  • Infection
  • Cancer
  • Blood Clots
  • Infection

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Overview

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Treatment

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 Heart Transplant Procedure

  • The heart transplant procedure is complicated. It requires several hours for heart transplant surgery to be ended. The heart transplant surgery can take longer than expected; the procedure is open-heart surgery in case when this is the second time that you're having heart surgery. Primarily, you will take general anaesthesia to sleep in the form of medication. Furthermore, your body must receive oxygen-rich blood, which is why you will be connected to a heart-lung bypass machine.
  • Then, the doctor will make an incision, and this allows them to do surgery on your heart. The incision will be completed such that the chest bone is separated and the rib cage is opened. Afterward the surgeon removes the failing heart. Then the healthy donor heart is sewn in place, and the blood vessels are attached to the healthy heart. This procedure allows blood to start flowing, and then the heart starts to beat naturally. An electric shock might be given, if the donor's heart has difficulty in beating.
  • You will receive pain relief medications after the heart transplant procedure is completed. After heart surgery, a ventilator will be used so that you don't have trouble breathing. Fluids require to be drained after it, and this is performed with the help of tubes that are attached to your heart and lungs. You may stay in the ICU for a several days after the heart transplant surgery.

 

Diagnosis

Diagnosis starts with a recent health history, physical examination, and blood tests. Often a surgeon may diagnose serious rejection with a heart biopsy. After a heart transplant, you may possibly have multiple routine biopsies. This helps them to examine for rejection. Before you have any symptoms or signs, these biopsies often show signs of transplant rejection. Finding a rejection early rises the chances it can be treated.

Surgeon spot acute rejection with a blood test sometimes. This test checks for specific genes tied to transplant rejection. Your surgeon may use other regular tests to evaluate your heart function such as:

  • Echocardiogram to evaluate heart function
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) to monitor the heart rhythm

Other tests are sometimes required for the diagnosis. These tests help provide a healthier look at the blood vessels includes:

  • Intravascular ultrasound
  • Coronary angiography
  • Cardiac stress testing

Frequently Asked Question

Current figures show that after the surgery, 75 percent of heart transplant patients live at least five years. Almost 85 percent return to work or other activities they previously experienced.

After heart transplantation, survival rates based on a various factor. Survival rates continue to recover despite a rise in older and higher risk heart transplant recipients. The overall survival rate is more than 85 percent after one year and about 69 percent after five years for adults globally.

A heart transplant is a medical process that involves replacing a diseased heart with a healthy heart from a healthy heart donor. The procedure is seen as a last option for treating heart conditions and is normally recommended by surgeon when other treatments haven't been fruitful.

A normal heart transplant surgery can be performed in less than four hours, while some complicated ones may take seven, to nine hours or more.

In recent years, conventional heart transplant success rates have improved but there is still a major risk of rejection and subsequent failure of the organ. Over the longer term, cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a popular cause of failure in transplanted hearts.

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Life after a heart transplant<