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More Details about Cornea Transplant
A cornea transplant or keratoplasty is a surgical procedure where a damaged or diseased cornea is replaced by donated corneal tissue from a healthy donor. A cornea is usually a transparent, dome-shaped surface of the human eye. Moreover, cornea transplant surgery restores clear vision and improves the quality of life for many people. It's where light goes into your eye and is a large part of your eye's ability to see clearly.
Risks Involve in Cornea Transplant
Cornea transplant carry a small risk of serious complications, such as:
Treatment and Procedures to Cornea Transplant
A cornea transplant removes either the complete thickness or partial thickness of the damaged cornea and replaces it with tissue of healthy donor. There are various types of cornea transplant procedures include:
Cornea Transplant Recovery
You may probably wear an eye patch for at least a day, maybe 4, until the top layer of your cornea heals after your cornea transplant. The eye yours will probably be red and sensitive to light. It might pain or feel sore for a few days, but some patients don't experience any discomfort.
Your surgeon will recommend eye drops to bring down inflammation and reduce risk of infection. To help with pain, they may suggest other medicines. Your surgeon needs to examine your eye the day after surgery, several times during the following couple of weeks, and afterward a few more times during the first year of surgery.
Procedures for transplant such as DSEK and DMEK that generally use a gas bubble inside the eye to help position the transplanted tissue, the surgeon may also enquire you to lie flat sometimes during the day and sleep flat on your back at night for a few days.
From injury, you'll have to protect your eye after your surgery. Carefully follow your surgeon instructions.
Your cornea doesn't get any blood, so it heals not quickly. Your doctor will take them out at the office a few months later in case when you required stitches.
Most of the cases, people who have a cornea transplant get at least part of their vision restored, but each condition is different. For your vision to improve fully, it could take a few weeks and up to a year. Your eyesight may possibly get a little unhealthier before it gets better.
Your contact lens or glasses prescription may require to be adjusted to include astigmatism correction due to the transplanted tissue won't be perfectly round.
After the first year of cornea transplant, you should check your eye surgeon once or twice every year. The donated tissue generally lasts a lifetime.
Long Term Outlook
For several months as your eye adjusts, it’s possible that your vision will become worse. After healing is complete, your surgeon will remove the thread used during the surgery. You’ll always require to take extra precautions to avoid injuring your eye during any activity or sports. You should continue to have regular eye test as recommended by your surgeon.
Most people feel at least partial restoration of their sight, and some will continue to need prescription eyewear. For full recovery may take up to a year, but recovery times are reducing as procedures improve.
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