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More details about Cataract

A cataract is a dense, cloudy area that normally clears the lens of your eye. When proteins in the eye form clumps that prevent the lens from sending clear images to the retina, it causes a cataract in the eye. Seeing through cloudy lenses is a bit like looking through a frosty or fogged-up window for people who develop cataracts. Moreover, it mainly develops slowly and eventually interferes with human vision. Patients might end up with cataracts in both eyes, but they generally don’t form at the same time. In older people, cataracts are a more common disease.

Types of cataracts

There are many types of cataracts such as:

  • Nuclear Cataract: It is located in the center of the lens. The nucleus tends to darken with age, converting from clear to yellow and brown sometimes.
  • Cortical Cataract: It generally affects the layer of the lens surrounding the nucleus. The cataract looks similar with a wedge or a spoke.
  • Posterior Capsular: This type of cataract is mainly found in the back outer layer of the lens. This type often develops more rapidly.

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Diagnosing Cataracts

Your surgeon will execute a comprehensive eye test to check for cataracts and to measure your vision. This will include an eye chart examine to check your vision at various distances and tonometry to assess your eye pressure.

The most usual tonometry test uses a painless puff of air to flatten your cornea and examine your eye pressure. To make your pupils bigger, your surgeon will also put drops in your eyes. Also, this makes it easier to check the optic nerve and retina at the back of your eye for damage.

Other tests your surgeon may perform include testing your sensitivity to glare and your perception of colors.

Treatment of Cataracts

Your surgeon may be able to help you manage your symptoms, if you’re unable or uninterested in surgery. They may recommend stronger eyeglasses, magnifying lenses, or sunglasses with an anti-glare coating.


Surgery is generally suggested when cataracts prevent you from going about your daily activities, such as reading or driving. In addition, it’s performed when cataracts interfere with the treatment of other eye problems.

One surgical method:  It known as phacoemulsification that involves the use of ultrasound waves to break the lens apart and remove the pieces.

Extracapsular surgery: It usually involves removing the cloudy part of the lens through a long incision in the cornea. After surgery, an artificial intraocular lens is placed where the natural lens was located before.

Generally, surgery to remove a cataract is very safe and has a great success rate. Some of the risks of cataract surgery include bleeding, infection, retinal detachment, though incidences of all those complications are less than 1%. Most patients can go home the same day as their surgery.

Frequently Asked Question

No, there is no natural cure for cataracts. But some healthy lifestyle habits that may be helpful include: have regular eye checkups.

Cataracts become worse and begin to interfere with vision over the time period. Daily activities can be affected, such as reading, driving, and loss of vision can affect the overall quality of life in many ways including, working, hobbies and sports. Cataracts will eventually cause total blindness if it left untreated.

Several types of cataracts progress quite quickly and cause cloudy vision within a few months but these are very uncommon. Most cataracts develop slowly and do not need surgery for many months or years.

It usually takes about two and a half hours in entire process, from the time a patient enters the office to when he or she leaves, is. The procedure itself predictably takes less than 20 minutes.

For most patients, cataract surgery is thought to be painless. But for the few who report discomfort during surgery, ophthalmologists can take precautions to limit pain.


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